Different doctors classify the types of neuropathy, but they are all classified according to the pathological features and the clinical syndrome. Neuropathy can either be diffuse, that which affects different parts of the body; or focal, that which affects only a specific nerve or part of the body. Among the many classification of neuropathy, there are several well-known types.
Sensory neuropathy or peripheral neuropathy. This type is usually referred to as just neuropathy and which is one of the most common. Sensory neuropathy affects the nerves that carries that goes to the brain about sensations like hotness or coldness, or pain due to something. Sensory neuropathy is most commonly caused by many conditions that cause damage to the peripheral nerves. When the peripheral nerves are damaged, it in turn damages the communication of the central nervous system from the rest of the body.
Distal symmetric polyneuropathy is the most common type of neuropathy. It affects both legs and the patient usually feel numb and have that tingling sensation. Some patients may feel the pain in their toes only or in the feet. A serious case can result to patients not being able to walk properly because of the pain. Distal symmetric polyneuropathy only develops after years of poor blood sugar control. On the other hand, a strict glucose control can prevent most cases of distal symmetric polyneuropathy.
Autonomic neuropathy affects the autonomic nerves. The autonomic nerves conrtol the intestinal tract, bladder, genitals, and other organs. Unfortunately, it’s still one of the most common types of neuropathy, with more than a quarter of diabetics affected. Currently, scientists are still unable to pinpoint the exact cause of autonomic neuropathy and are still looking for better treatments.
Femoral neuropathy is also common. It mostly affects people who have type II diabetes or those who are non-insulin dependent. Pain may develop coming from the front of one thigh, and when weakness of the muscles follow, it usually just wastes away.
There are more types of neuropathy, but those are more specific ones and depend on the condition of the patient. Listen above are the more common one which may or may not affect someone with diabetes.